The ongoing war in Ukraine has dealt a severe blow to the post-COVID recovery in Europe, which was strong but still partial. Private consumption and investment remain well below pre-pandemic projections. The surge in energy and food prices is heavily compressing household consumption, and economic uncertainties are soon expected to weigh on investment. The decrease in purchasing power is also causing uncertainties in the French social and economic climate. In such a context, it appears that certain assets need to be particularly favored and developed to support the economic recovery in France.

One such asset is 5G, whose potential and utility for the economy, industry, and society at large is beginning to be more widely understood, as shown by the Herbert report. In fact, 5G represents a unique opportunity for technological progress, economic development, and competitiveness. The key to future competitiveness and the heart of the digital value chain is mastering OTT application dominance upstream. To do this, it is necessary to rely on a stable, green, and advanced TIC infrastructure platform. 5G was commercially launched in France in late 2020, but France is lagging behind other countries in 5G deployment and there are many barriers to its deployment.

The aim of this note (in French)- provided to us by – is to review the different contributions of 5G to the economy in comparison to the most advanced countries, to provide an overview of the deployment in France compared to other EU countries, and to present the obstacles that could hinder its deployment in France. The final part will suggest some answers or solutions to these questions.